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Tropical / Vanilla Orchid (Vanilla planifolia)

Vanilla Orchid (Vanilla planifolia) Vanilla Orchid (Vanilla planifolia) Vanilla Orchid (Vanilla planifolia)
Vanilla Orchid (Vanilla planifolia) Vanilla Orchid (Vanilla planifolia) Vanilla Orchid (Vanilla planifolia)
Vanilla Orchid (Vanilla planifolia)
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Vanilla is made from the fruits of the vanilla orchid. A tropical climbing vine from Mexico that can be kept in a heated greenhouse.

Expected processing time

2 days

€ 7,00
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Family: Orchidaceae
Scientific name: Vanilla planifolia
Common name: Vanilla Orchid
Origin: South East Mexico

The vanilla orchid is a climbing plant from Mexico up to 15 meters high with fleshy stems and aerial roots as tendrils. It is a tropical plant that grows best at a daytime temperature of 30 ° C and a night temperature of 20 ° C, making this plant almost only suitable for a heated greenhouse. The variety produces greenish-yellow flowers 5 cm in size that smell like vanilla and only bloom for 1 day. They must be hand-pollinated outside of their native habitat in Mexico, as in nature they can only be pollinated by a specific bee species. This manual pollination is one of the reasons for the high price of vanilla. Fruiting is possible when the plant is at least 3 meters tall (2-3 years old), forming 20 cm long pods (actually long berries). These can be dried for vanilla production, after which they are soaked in an alcohol solution. On 1 liter, 35% alcohol and at least 100 grams of vanilla pods are used. Today Madagascar and Réunion produce the most vanilla: 70% of the world production.
It is possible to produce your own vanilla, but for that you need a heated greenhouse. In addition, germinating the seeds is very difficult.

Sowing description: Like all other orchids, the seeds of this species are very difficult to germinate. Most species only do this in conjunction with a fungus or in vitro on agar. The simplest method is described by a botanical garden in Thailand:
https://dokmaidogma.wordpress.com/2011/09/10/how-to-grow-orchids-from-seeds-kitchen-style/

Sowing time: Year round
Difficulty: Challenge
Minimum temperature: 15 degrees Celsius

Photo 1: H. Zell (CCA-3.0 Wikipedia)
Photo 2: B. Navez
Photo 3: F. Palli

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Ankica Cvetkovska - 14-11-2021 14:52

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