Winter hardy plants / Almond (Prunus dulcis var. dulcis)

Almond (Prunus dulcis var. dulcis)
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Almonds grow on winterhardy trees that originate in China. Almonds are the seeds of peach-like fruits and contain a lot of calcium, vitamins and oil.

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2 week(s)

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Common name


Minimum temperature
-20 degC

Although nowadays almonds are cultivated in many countries all over the world, the hardy almond trees has its origins in China. The seeds are covered in a solid endocarp, surrounded by a fruit that resembles a small peach with a soft peel. Almonds are used for the production of marzipan, but can also be used in many dishes or be eaten as a snack. In the Asian kitchen almonds are roasted and used to bind sauces. They are very rich in calcium, vitamin B and E, and oil. Almond oil is supposedly good for the skin, and is therefore a common ingredient of soaps and cremes.

The almond tree flowers abundantly during the spring, with pink/white flowers that attract a lot of insects. If the flowers are more white than pink, the almonds will be sweeter. In august and september, the fruits burst open and the almonds fall on the ground. The tree can grow to a maximum of 7 meters, but can also be pruned. A sunny stand is ideal for the plant.

Sowing description:
Sand the seeds with sanding paper or carefully notch the seeds with a sharp knife. Soak the seeds for 48 hours in lukewarm water, after which they can be sown in sowing mix. Put the seeds away for 2-3 months in the fridge, and keep the soil constantly moist during this period. Let the seeds germinate at a temperature of 25 degC. Germination may take a few months.

Sowing time:
November – may

Level of difficulty:


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Anneke - 25-04-2020 19:42

Bij een eerste poging is er niets ontkiemd. Dit voorjaar een tweede poging gewaagd: en zowaar zijn er 4 uitgekomen. Bijzonder genoeg kwamen deze al binnen 8 weken op in de koelkast.

Jonas - 11-02-2019 20:38

Ik sta er nog steeds versteld van dat ze in de koude moeten staan voor te kiemen. Ik heb ze wel voledig uit hun harde schil gehaald en na wat geduld zijn de eerste gestart met kiemen!

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